Management plans

Resettlement action plans

Mitigating the impacts of relocation and economic displacement

EEM develops resettlement action plans (RAP) and livelihood restoration plans to mitigate the impacts of physical displacement (loss of home and community) and economic displacement (loss of assets, of access to assets, or of livelihood) caused by large-scale projects.

Our work for clients – generally project developers – includes planning and implementing the following:

  • Physical resettlement programs.
  • Compensation programs for economic losses.
  • Livelihood restoration programs.

We take a participatory approach with the affected communities to target their specific needs, prioritize their long-term economic and social development, and develop consensus on the most appropriate approach to resettlement, compensation and the restoration of livelihoods.

Our practice provides:

  • Ways and means to anticipate, prevent or limit the negative social and economic impacts of land acquisition or restrictions on land usage.
  • Eligibility criteria for resettlement and compensation, and the consistent application of standards of compensation to all persons and affected communities.
  • Inventories of goods and socio-economic studies to establish the present state of wellbeing and asset-holdings of affected communities.
  • Targeted consultation programs and support for people affected throughout the development and implementation of the RAP process, including an effective complaint management system.
  • Management of the compensation process.
  • Support programs to improve the livelihoods of displaced persons.
  • Monitoring and evaluation to ensure the long-term restoration of the living standards of those affected.

Typical client priorities:

  • Participatory RAP development designed to ensure that the resettlement meets the real needs of those affected by the project, ensuring its long-term viability.
  • Operationalizing resettlement and compensation programs using tools adapted to a client’s specific situation.
  • Traceability of the compensation process through implementation of effective data management solutions.
  • Paying special attention to the most vulnerable people (individuals or communities directly or disproportionately affected by the project).
Case studies